Resources / Study / Innovation for Court ADR

Just Court ADR

The blog of Resolution Systems Institute

Posts Tagged ‘poverty’

ADR and Self-Represented Litigants

Susan M. Yates, June 24th, 2011

The Center for American Progress has published a paper, “Grounds for Objection: Causes and Consequences of America’s Pro Se Crisis and How to Solve the Problem of Unrepresented Litigants” that recommends ADR as one method for helping the growing numbers of pro se litigants in the country’s courtrooms:

“Alternative dispute resolution methods administered by lawyers and nonlawyers alike can help people avoid court altogether. Mediation is often considered particularly useful in family law cases where it can promote cooperation in parents who must remain significantly involved with one another after their case is resolved.”

The author wisely points out that ADR is not a panacea:

“For some litigants, alternatives to the traditional client-attorney relationship will not work. They may be unable to resolve their disputes in mediation, their case may be too complicated, or they may face personal issues such as mental health problems that make both ADR and self-representation poor options.”

This takes a very healthy perspective, one that those of us who care about both ADR and about individuals with limited resources should embody. We should think broadly about how the processes we promote can assist people and what the limits are to the effectiveness of these processes.

Our Myths About Poverty Stymie Action

Heather Scheiwe Kulp, November 2nd, 2010

When middle and upper class people think of poverty, the mental image is often of the scruffy middle-aged man wrapped in dirty clothing, begging for a dime on a bustling downtown street. The word “suburb” conjures images of smooth paved streets and well-kept single family homes with two-car garages. “Rural” evokes even more pristine pictures: fields of healthy crops, tanned farmers smiling next to tractors, families gathering around a table giving thanks over heaping plates of home-cooked food. These archetypes are simply that: Platonic forms that do not reflect reality.

I hope this recession changes our image of poverty. Poverty is not confined to the grit of city life, and it never has been. But the picture is even more different today. Up to 73% of suburban legal services agencies’ clients are coming from families with no prior connection to social services. Previously “secure” middle-class jobs and bank accounts are shrinking such that some experts say the middle-class will never be able to save up enough to get where they once were. Even the recent spate of home foreclosures, which started with subprime, mostly urban mortgages, is now happening at a higher rate to suburban dwellers with “regular” mortgages than to urbanites with subprime mortgages. It’s time we face the mirror. Poverty is a problem for urban, suburban, and rural communities alike to acknowledge and address.

For the first time, suburban America contains more poor people—1.5 million more—than the cities. Even more, people drop below the poverty line in Illinois, and in many other states, at a much faster rate in the suburbs than in the cities. Nevertheless, the suburbs often have fewer social and legal services than the city, and certainly not enough to meet the demand.

Mediation programs can certainly give those in poverty a chance to access justice in the midst of conflict. Especially in suburbs struggling to deal with the increasing number of residents in poverty, mediation programs can relieve some of the overburdened caseload at legal services agencies and fill in a small part of the 21.7% cut in services these agencies experienced in the last year. Suburban mediation programs, like their urban counterparts, need to keep low-income disputants in mind, even if and especially when those mediation programs are in traditionally high-income areas.

This conscientiousness will influence how programs are designed. Providing access to justice for disputants with low-income should influence where the programs are held (i.e., Are there public transportation options to the mediation site? Is it in a building that may be confusing to people?), the time of the mediation (i.e., Are there opportunities for people to mediate outside of the 9-to-5 workday? Will there be child care available?), and what is communicated before and during the mediation (i.e., Will the introduction to the mediation sessions be simply worded? Will any pre-mediation instructions be available in multiple languages? In paper form instead of only on a computer?). By asking these questions, suburban court systems can better see the poor in their midst and could greatly assist those who most benefit from mediation.